Health experts claimed that though hypertension is preventable, it leads to 54 per cent chances of stroke, 50 per cent chances to have ischemic and other heart diseases.
He advised the public, especially people who have family history of heart related disease to go for comprehensive screening to ensure prevention. Globally, the prevalence of hypertension in youngsters is nearly 10 per cent and this has doubled in just a decade.
Research done earlier by The George Institute for Global Health in rural Andhra Pradesh found that 29% of the adult population had hypertension and of these only 44% were being treated.
Today, May 17, is World Hypertension Day, and the foundation - under the hashtag #MeasureYourPressure - said it was encouraging all South Africans to measure their blood pressure and know their risk for heart disease and stroke because it could happen to anyone.
Usually, blood pressure above 140/90 is defined as hypertension.
"The increasing prevalence of the condition has shown that people's lifestyle and dietary factors have major roles to play". Few people with high blood pressure may get affected with shortness of breath or nosebleeds and headaches. The increased pressure on the blood vessels forces the heart muscles to pump more frequently and with higher force if compared to a healthy heart.
Include fruits and vegetables that are rich in potassium and magnesium. If your blood pressure falls in the pre-hypertensive category, it provides an opportunity to improve your condition by making certain lifestyle changes, including regular exercise, a healthy diet, losing weight and quitting smoking. Knowing your blood pressure reading and what lifestyle changes you can make to keep it down will give you the upper hand in preventing the development of heart disease and reduce your risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke.
It does not mean that you have to adopt a vigorous exercising regime. No matter how young you are, if you are obese, do check your blood pressure regularly. This is the reason why high blood pressure is a leading cause of kidney failure. It, hence, becomes important to reduce weight. Besides that, it also helps in lowering the blood pressure even if it's already high. Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring is therefore a more consistent and accurate method of measuring blood pressure levels. Ideally, the waist size of men should be 40 inches and that of women should be 35 inches.
Both numbers of your blood pressure reading are of equal importance. "Avoid a sedentary lifestyle, quit smoking and limit alcohol", Anil Kansal, Neurosurgeon, BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi, suggested. These habits are damaging for those who are suffering from hypertension and equally for those who are at the risk of it.
"This means the systolic reading of the pressure as the heart pumps blood around the body is over 140 mmHg and the diastolic reading as the heart relaxes and refills with blood is over 90 mmHg". Managing stress thus is important by way of doing something that soothes your mind.
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