Friday, 24 November, 2017

UN Members Sign Nuclear Prohibition Treaty - With Notable Exceptions

European and US bishops call for elimination of nuclear weapons globally In wake of North Korea threat, bishops call for elimination of nuclear weapons
Clarence Schmidt | 09 July, 2017, 01:51

"We all feel very emotional today".

In October 2016, the UN General Assembly voted to negotiate and conclude a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons.

A U.N. treaty to ban the use and possession of nuclear weapons was widely welcomed across Japan on July 8, but reaction was tinged with disappointment that the Japanese government played no role in the effort despite the nation's history of destruction by atomic bombs.

The human-centered nature of the treaty is demonstrated by its provisions requiring the treaty's members to provide assistance to victims of the use and testing of nuclear weapons and remediate contaminated environments. However, there are still nearly 15,000 nuclear weapons worldwide.

The three nuclear powers also noted that other states possessing nuclear weapons and other states relying on nuclear deterrence did not participate in the treaty negotiations. The 85-year-old has become an advocate of nuclear nonproliferation.

The doctor has long pushed for the adoption of such a treaty.

France did not take part in the negotiations for this treaty and does not intend to comply with it.

I do not want to sound pessimistic but we, CTBTO youth members, will not be able to persuade the decision makers in the remaining eight hold out states only through emotional appeals.

India, along with the nuclear-armed countries of US, Russia, Britain, China, France, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel, skipped the negotiations, PTI reported. The sole exception was the Netherlands.

Legally, with the adoption of this treaty, there have been so far global treaties banning all three types of weapons of mass destruction, namely nuclear weapons, chemical weapons, and biological weapons, Nga said.

Negotiators representing two-thirds of the 192-member United Nations finalized the 10-page treaty this week after months of talks. Nuclear weapons now join biological and chemical weapons, land mines and cluster munitions that are now explicitly and completely banned under global law.

"This initiative clearly disregards the realities of the worldwide security environment", the three Western powers stated.

The document will be open for signature until 20 September 2017 and will enter into force after it is ratified by at least 50 countries.

This moral and ethical opprobrium - backed most of the world's nations - will make it more hard to justify their persistence in the arsenals of the US and other nuclear-armed powers.

The ban on nuclear threats is feared to have virtually closed the door to North Atlantic Treaty Organization member countries or US allies joining the pact in the future.

Richard Moyes, managing director of Article 36, a United Kingdom organisation that works to prevent harm from nuclear and other weapons, said the negotiations had made clear that "a substantial number of states think that killing hundreds and thousands of people and poisoning their environment is morally wrong and that this should be reflected in law".

The U.N. adopted the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

A diplomatic source from one of the countries opposed this text considers that "it is to give false hope" compared to "what is really possible in the field of nuclear disarmament".

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